Can you add to this discussion of bicycle parking?
Can you give examples of good and bad bike parking, with the locations?
Would you like more bicycle parking, and where?
Some info might interest non-local cyclists.

On 12-Sep-2018 Prospect BUG attended the public forum Prospect Bike Friendly City at the North Adelaide Football Club, Menzies Crescent, Prospect SA. Here the bicycle parking could be improved, and Prospect BUG volunteered to provide Prospect Council with information, hence the following report.

See below Part A1 to A2: Bike Parking Guidelines.
See below Part B: North Adelaide Football Club.
Austroads 1999 recommends for short term bicycle parking, the inexpensive ‘tried and tested’ inverted-U rail. In Prospect there is a variety of bike parking, some better than others.
See below Part C1 to C4: Other Bike Parking in Prospect.

Added on 7-Oct-2018
Part D: Australian Standards Bicycle Parking Facilities

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Replies to This Discussion

Part A1: Bike Parking Guidelines

Bicycle parking references:

  1. Austroads and Standards Australia, 1999, Guide to Traffic Engineering Practice: Bicycles – Part 14, 2nd edition, pp. 132–142
  2. Austroads and Standards Australia, 2017, Cycling Aspects of Austroads Guides, 3rd edition, pp. 137–144, pdf pp. 146–153. Contains info that relates to the planning, design and traffic management of cycling facilities and is sourced from Austroads Guides, primarily the Guide to Road Design, the Guide to Traffic Management and the Guide to Road Safety. Publication AP-G88-17 at
  3. Standards Australia, Australian Standard AS 2890.3-2015, Parking facilities: bicycle parking facilities.

Part A2: Bike Parking Guidelines

You can find reference 2 online.
Reference 1 states: “Australian Standard AS 2890.3 contains information on bicycle parking, some of which has been reproduced below for the convenience of users of this Guide.”
“In general every bicycle parking device should:
— enable wheels and frame to be locked to the device without damaging the bicycle;
— be placed in public view (i.e. where they can be viewed by passers-by, shopkeepers, station attendants, teachers or fellow workers);
— be located outside pedestrian movement paths;
— be easily accessible from the road;
— be arranged so that parking and unparking manoeuvres will not damage adjacent bicycles;
— be protected from manoeuvring motor vehicles and opening car doors;
— be as close as possible to the cyclist’s ultimate destination;
— be well lit by appropriate existing or new lighting;
— be protected from the weather; and
— be designed to fit in harmony with the surrounding environment.”

Reference 1 recommends for short term bicycle parking, the inverted-U rail, an inexpensive ‘tried and tested’ design. It uses 50 mm diameter mild steel tubing, stands 750 mm tall, and is 800 mm long to rest the bike frame against. “Low in cost” so maybe enough money to install more bike parking?

Reference 1 includes the Table 10-1: Bicycle Parking - Provision for Planning Purposes. The recommended amount of bicycle parking depends on the land use (e.g. cafe, community centre, indoor recreation facility, library, major sports ground, restaurant, shop) and generally on the floor area of the building.

Part B: North Adelaide Football Club

On 12-Sep-2018 Prospect BUG attended the public forum of Prospect Bike Friendly City. Prospect Council facilitated the event at the North Adelaide Football Club. Outside the main entrance is one bike parking rail catering for only two bicycles. This is insufficient for a major sporting ground, which includes an indoor recreation facility and food catering.

For the forum, council provided temporary bike parking in the form of small ‘wheel racks’ which could not hold a bike steady (to prevent possible bike fall and damage); did not provide security for the whole bike (only for one locked wheel); and not bolted to the ground for bike security (I easily lifted and carried a ‘wheel rack’). The club does not want bicycle parking bolted to the footpath and paved area outside the entrance – admittedly this might obstruct pedestrians. I told council that I would get back to them with bicycle parking information.

Austroads recommends that bike parking to be under shelter and well lit, but usually omitted. Austroads recommends that employees be provided with bike parking of a higher security – I have not addressed this.

I suggest that council installs bike parking rails in Memorial Gardens, across the road from the club destination, but within view of the club entrance and the tennis courts for casual observation and security.

There have been problems with on-street car parking during popular football matches. So it is worthwhile for Prospect Council to copy the Adelaide Oval that has much bicycle parking.

I do not know the infrastructure size or patron numbers for the sports stadium, indoor recreation facility or food catering. (The Prospect Function Centre features a full service bar and a modern state-of-the-art kitchen facility. Council can refer to Austroads Table 10-1: Bicycle Parking - Provision for Planning Purposes to calculate bicycle parking spaces.

Part C1: Other Bike Parking in Prospect

The following describes three bike parking styles, installed in several locations in Prospect over the last ten years, but inferior to the inverted-U rail. A fourth style was also suggested. Prospect BUG contacted council and/or councillors to explain the shortfalls of all four styles.

  1. The two bicycle parking rails outside Prospect Plaza at 85 Prospect Rd are not as good as an inverted-U rail. The length of the rail to rest a bike against is only 380 mm, compared with an inverted-U rail of 800 mm. A handlebar or wheel wobble and a ‘supported’ bike could fall. Austroads notes that if a rack or stand does not provide adequate stability for a bicycle, the bike can fall and result in damage to the bike or wheel.

Part C2: Other Bike Parking in Prospect

  1. The bicycle parking style installed on the corner of bikedirect Myrtle St and Prospect Rd, plus the Prospect Library at 1 Thomas St, is inferior to an inverted U-rail. This design has five slots but does not cater for five bikes (1300 mm rack length divided by 650 mm handlebar width). It is not easy to use, when squeezing your bike in against another bike – “damage adjacent bikes”? One cannot rest the whole bike frame for stability, so risk of bike falling and being damaged. The design does not cater for a variety of bikes and locks. When two bikes are already locked to the two outside upright supports, the third bike must slot into the middle and be locked to a higher horizontal rail. If the bike is a step-through lady’s or electric, or a small child’s, then a more secure D-lock will not bridge the gap between the bike top-tube and the horizontal rail.

The bike parking at the Prospect Library fails on more points. It is squeezed against a wall, fence and pedestrian walkway (too close to “pedestrian movement paths”). Even fewer bikes can be parked, and insufficient for a library of that size. It was installed near a feral pigeon roost, obvious from spatters on the asphalt, parking rail and bicycles. Potential health risks from pigeons include diseases of histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and psittacosis (ornithosis). Council is aware of the feral pigeon problem in Prospect, including at the library. In 2016 council voted for a five-year cull to reduce the numbers of pigeons. By why install inferior bike parking in an inferior location? Earlier a council officer recognised that the old ‘toaster’ bike parking did not meet current guidelines, and asked Prospect BUG to join in an on-site inspection to discuss a replacement, however no appointment was made with BUG.

Part C3: Other Bike Parking in Prospect

  1. Council commissioned dearer bike parking in the ‘arty’ shape of a huge D-lock. Three were installed within the vicinity of 126 Prospect Rd: immediately east of the Town Hall; immediately south of the Town Hall; and visible from the Town Hall (across the road, near the corner of Prospect Rd and Flora Tce). The upright of this ‘arty’ bike parking has the cross-section 90 mm x 60 mm, compared with an inverted-U rail with a tube diameter of 50 mm. There are different types of bicycle locks, with a D-lock providing more security from theft, and a mini D-lock being even harder to circumvent. There are different styles of bicycles with different diameter tubing. ‘Ease of use’ might decrease if locking a large tubing bike with a mini D-lock to this ‘arty’ parking.

Part C4: Other Bike Parking in Prospect

  1. A councillor suggested more ‘arty’ styles, e.g. metal outline of a dog. A cyclist might not recognise this as bike parking. Alternatively, a cyclist might recognise it as bike parking but be unable to use it, because a pedestrian has mistaken it for a dog hitching rail. Thirdly, Austroads 1999 recommends for short term bicycle parking, the familiar inexpensive inverted-U rail.

Part D: Australian Standards Bicycle Parking Facilities
Australian Standards AS 2890.3-1993 Parking Facilities – Bicycle Parking Facilities, published by Standards Australia on 18-Jan-1993, extracts. There is a newer version of Sep-2015.

This Standard describes facilities that will provide safe, secure, convenient parking for bicycles in any location where they are likely to be left. This Standard provides planners, especially those in local government, with a set of guidelines which will enable them to provide bicycle parking in a tried, tested and therefore safe and efficient manner.

Unless the frame and both wheels of a bicycle can be locked to a facility, it cannot be regarded as secure and will not therefore meet the requirements of the Standard.

The aesthetic appearance of bicycle parking facilities should not, however, override the requirements for security and ease of use.

Signing should be provided where necessary to direct cyclists to bicycle parking facilities and to advise the public of their presence. Information signs should not be provided for bicycle parking or storage facilities which do not meet the requirements for this Standard.

All bicycle parking facilities used at night shall be well lit to minimize theft and vandalism, to reduce pedestrian hazard and for the safety of cyclists.

The parking facilities should be capable of supporting any type of bicycle and a wide range of locking mechanisms. Among bicycles which have been introduced to the market in recent years, there are substantial variations in both the type of frame and the size of wheels.

A cyclist should be able to secure a bicycle easily and comfortably without coming into contact with a stationary vehicle close to area allocated for bicycle parking. This request is extremely important, especially for short-term users. The ease of use of a facility should increase as the average duration of parking decreases.

The bicycle rail is the cheapest and easiest parking device to operate for bicycles. The steel rail supports the whole bicycle in a stable, upright position, and the frame and wheels can be secured by chain, cable or U-lock.

It should be possible to lock the frame and both wheels of a bicycle to the rail or fixture without removal of a wheel from the bicycle. Fixtures which do not meet this requirement cannot be considered as Class 3 facilities.

Racks and stands which allow only one wheel to be locked to the device, or which support the bicycle by one wheel only, do not provide either proper support or security for the bicycle as a whole. They do not meet the requirements of any of the classes of parking facility described in this Standard, and should not be used in new installations.

Two planners emailed that they liked this article on Bicycle Parking in Prospect, which they read in BUG Enews. They do not work or live in Prospect.

Prospect BUG sent a similar report to Prospect Council. An officer replied: “I will ensure that it is saved in our record management system for all to access”. That is heartening, because several times I have reminded council to follow guidelines like Austroads and Australian Standards when installing bicycle parking.


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